Impacts of Rainfall Variability on Rural Livelihoods in Ethiopia: The Case Study of Arsi Robe Woreda of the Oromia National Regional State

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


Rainfall variability becomes norm at present time and the pressure that induced by it increasing from time to time in different parts of the country. The impact is become more serious in areas of highly depending on rain fed agriculture Like Robe Woreda. So, understanding the impacts on rural livelihood and mounting different coping and adaptation strategies are the only solution to overcome the challenges. Hence, the overall objective of this paper is focused on assessing the impacts of rainfall variability on rural livelihood. To achieve these object ives and to expand ing understanding the impacts of rainfall variability on rural livel ihood the researcher utilizes both qualitative and quantitative methods .The primary data was collected from Focused group discussion, key informant interview, field observation, and questi·onnaire. The seco ndary data was collected from NMSA and WMSA. Moreover, understanding of the impacts of rainfa ll variability on rural livelihood; principally crop and livestock production was helps to employed and developing different coping and adaptation strategies. Agricultural production systems and especially the complexities associated with the variability and distribution of rainfall are essential elements in improving livestock and crop production and agricultural planning decision making. In the at hand paper, knowledge from the analysis of historical rainfall records and predictive information were based on the "response farming" for rainfall variability in the future. From the analysis of the rainfall records good relationships are found between rain onset dates, seasonal rain amounts and duration and crop and livestock production. Crop and animal production increase or decrease in relation to rain fall distribution, the better the distribution and intensity and low rainfall variabi lity the higher production and productivity. The finding of this research indicates serious impacts of rainfall variabi lity on crop and livestock production which led to food insecurity. Fanners' perception also varies in rainfall variability as well as the employed coping and adaptations strategies. Most farmers employed three major · coping and adaptation strategies; intensification, diversification, migration. However, all methods were not successful all the time due to poor and customary of the coping strategies.



Rural Livelihoods in Ethiopia