The Socio-Economic Impact of Addis Ababa City Expansion on Farmers: The Case of Akaki Kality Sub City

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Akaki Kality Sub-City has been one of the main expansion and industrial areas in Addis Ababa for the last 40 years. Major factors that contribute for the expansion are availability of high industrial areas, proximity to market, and its accessibility to various types of infrastructures such as the road that extends to port Djibouti. However, the expansion of the city has been done at the expense of avoiding agricultural and green lands. This study has been done at peri-urban area of Akaki Kality sub-City to analyze the implication on the farming communities due to the expansion being made in the Sub-City. To do so, a primary date from a sample of 135 households was taken who had been displaced from their land due to the city expansion program. In addition, secondary data from various sources were also taken to see its impact in a broader sense. The primary data collected were processed and analyzed, the results showed that the expansion done by the Addis Ababa city Administration for the last few years during its expansion period resulted in the shortage of agricultural land, ownership of land insecurity and losses of assets. Most often, Accessibility of infrastructures, market finances and off-farm opportunities are obtained as a result of being close to urban centers. But this did not fully hold true for farmers living in the peri-urban areas of Akaki Kality Sub-City. This is mainly due to shortage of land size and lack of economic options that could absorb them. In addition, rehabilitation mechanisms used by the city municipality, mainly an arrangement of cash compensation for evicted people, was found to be inadequate to replace the resource base, which is land. As a result, most of the families are exposed to further economic, social and cultural impoverishment. Thus, the urban expansion, that was carried out in this manner had brought a significant negative impacts on evicted farmers. Therefore, to ensure sustainable city development, the Addis Ababa Administration should make sound planning prior to displacing farmers living on the border of the urban areas to avoid its negative effects on their lives. These include: arranging appropriate compensation packages and implementing the existing rehabilitation platform.


A Research Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Award of Masters in Public Management and Policy Advisor Jemal Abagisa


peri-urban, socio-economic impact, displacement, urban expansion, peri-urban