Determinants of School Enrollment in Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


This paper assesses empirically the role of household, community. individual and regional factors in determining school en rollment in Ethiopia. It uses logistic regress ion and discriminant analyses methods to analyze the data. The analyses is done in such a way that first determinants of primary and secondary school enrollment are studied and then the overall school enrollment is studied. Finally appropriate diagnosis is done for each of the models. The results from the analyses showed that age and sex of the person, relation of the person to '---._.- - the head and spouse (common child or not?), location of res idence (urban/fura!), educat ion and occupation of the head and the spouse, the interaction of sex and local ion of residence and the interaction of sex and distance to primary school, were important determinants of sc hool enrollment. Distance to school. number of school age people in a hou sehold. sex of the head, proportion of gi rls in the household, the logarithm of school expenditure, return 's from education and the inte raction of education and occupation of the head were found important determ inants of primary schooling in addition to those listed above. Moreover, secondary schooling is found to be a function of education of the head, urban ru ral residence and size of school age people. In general, the resuhs of data analysis demonstrate the use fu lness of applying multivariate techniques to the analysis of inter corre lated variables. The tech niques prove 10 be effective to the extent at least 72% in discrm inant analys is and up to 83% in logistic regression of the students (cases) are correctly classified by the computed.mputed fancton.