Cross-sectional Study of Aortic Arch Branching, Patterns and Anomlies ,in Pediatric Patients Evaluated at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital ,Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A two-year Retrospective Study

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Addis Abeba University


Background: The Development of the Aorta is a complex process which starts at the 3 rd week of gestation. And this complex process can be susceptible to a variety of congenital variants and pathologic anomalies. knowledge of this anatomical variations may be significant when performing surgical and radiologistinterventionist procedures, raising the probability of mistakes, adverse effects, and even fatal outcomes Objective:the objective of the study is to Evaluated the pattern of Aortic Arch anomalies seen in Pediatric Patientsat Black Lion Hospital. Methods:A Retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at TASH, college of health science in patients who had post contrast chest CT from January 2019 to January 2021. Results:A Total of 448 children were included in the study and 270(60.3%) were male and 178 (39.7%) were female. And Ages of the participants ranged from 1 to 14 years of age with a mean of 6.4 ± 3.79 years. The most common aortic branching pattern that was seen in study was the Type A branching pattern with 320 (72.2 %), Followed by the Type B1 pattern with 80 (18.1%)patients. Conclusion: Variation and anomalies of the aortic arch are common findings and knowledge about the different types of aortic arch anomalies is important for properpre surgical planning.



Aortic arch branching,pediatric patients