Knowledge, attitude, and associated factors towards patient safety among anesthetists working in governmental hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,2021.

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Addis Abeba University


Background: Patient safety is an important principle of health service and now identified as a global public health concern. Despite the benefits of rapidly advancing therapeutic and diagnostic possibilities, the perioperative setting still exposes patients to significant risks of adverse events and harm. An anesthetist is in midstream of perioperative care and can make significant contributions to patient safety and patient outcomes. Objective: This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and associated factors among anesthetists towards patient safety in governmental referral Hospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2020/202. Method: Cross-sectional study design was conducted in 13 governmental referral hospitals of Addis Ababa from January to June 2021. All anesthetists who were available in the study period were asked to participate in the study. From 274 anesthetists 238 participated. The data were analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 24.0 and the value of the variables and their associated factors were checked its association with logistic regression. Significance was determined at P-value <0.05. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize data, tables, and figures for display results. Result: This study demonstrated that greater than half of participants were found to have good knowledge(56.7%) and a favorable attitude (68.9%). working experience greater than or equal to 10 years [AOR=3.9.;95% CI:(1.23-12.29)], those who had information about patient safety during continuing education [AOR=4.; 95% CI:(1.99-8.07)] and those who have received training about patient safety [AOR=2.9.; 95% CI: (1.5-5.7)] showed statistical association with good knowledge. Anesthetist with good knowledge regarding patient safety [AOR =2.6. ; CI: (1.32,5.02 )], and those who have received training about patient safety p (0.012) [AOR=2.; 95% CI: 1.2-3.64)] showed a statistically significant association with a positive attitude. Conclusion: Participants had a favorable attitude and relatively good knowledge. Working experience, information about patient safety during continuing education and training were associated with participant knowledge. Participants were found to have a favorable attitude on teamwork climate, job satisfaction, and safety climate subscales while they had unfavorable attitudes on working conditions and perceptions of management. The most important predictors of a positive attitude were knowledge of patient safety, and training about patient safety.



knowledge, attitude, patient safety, anesthetist, governmental hospital, Addis Ababa.