The Right to Peaceful Demonstration in Ethiopia: Its Implimentation and Compatibility with International Human Rights Instruments

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Addis Ababa University


Demonstrations have been practiced for so long. There are different reasons that compel protesters to exercise the right to peaceful demonstration. For instance, economic imbalance and wealth distribution between ethnic groups in a given state are some of them. In the international and regional human right law the right to peaceful demonstration is the right that is used to exercise other rights and freedoms such as the right to assembly, freedom of expression and the right to association. Simply put, it is a right that is an implementing agent for many other civil and political, socio-economic or group rights. The main focus of the thesis is on the right to peaceful demonstration under Ethiopian human right system. The difference and compatibility of the right to peaceful demonstration under the Ethiopian human right law with that of the international human right system and regional human right system i.e. African Charter Human and People Right will be examined. The compatibility and difference will be assessed based on the limitations applicable to the right and its normative content as enshrined in the FDRE constitution and other relevant laws such as proclamation No.1/1993 proclamation. There will be emphasis on how the right is implemented in Ethiopia in practice. Thus the purpose of the thesis is identifying the gaps in terms of notification, place, and time and other limitations comparing with international human rights instruments; and also will identify the problem of implementation. It takes an objective look into the legal strategies in place and also addresses some welcome changes which might alter the course of the right in issue and the application of the concerned law.



right to peaceful demonstration,ethnic groups, economic imbalance,wealth distribution