Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes of Pregenancies Complecated by Preeclampsia/Eclampsia at Zewditu Memorial Hospital

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Preeclampsia refers to a syndrome characterized by the new onset of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation in previously normotensive women. Eclampsia refers to the development of grandmal seizures orcoma in a woman with gestational hypertension or preeclampsia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study wasto determine maternal and perinatal out comes of pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and eclampsia in women delivering in Zewditu memorial hospital METHODS: A one years retrospective hospital based patient chart review study was conducted from January 2013 to December 2014 at Zewditu Memorial Hospital RESULTS: During the study period January 2013 to December 2014 where a total of 3,488 deliveries attended at Zewuditu Memorial Hospital among the total deliveries 250 had their pregnancy complicated by PIH. Two hundred fifty women among the total deliveries (7.2%) had their pregnancy of gestational HPT 41(16.4%) mild pre eclampsia 80(32%) sever preeclampsia 17 (6.8%) eclampsia of all deliveries. Prenatal outcome for the various type of PIH were 29 prenatal deaths among all deliveries of hypertensive patient 19 (24.1%) was IUFD and 10 (12.7%) still birth which yielded prenatal mortality rate of 207/1000 births CONCLUSIONS: In low and middle-income settings, pre-eclampsia/eclampsia issignificantly associated with maternal death, prenatal death, preterm birth and low birth weight, so early recognition and management of mothers with PIHis an important instrument to reduce the case. KEYWARDS: Complication, Eclampsia, maternal, outcome, preeclampsia, prenatal, pregnant mother



Complication; Eclampsia, maternal; outcome, preeclampsia; prenatal; pregnant mother