Respective Roles of Different Organs of the Government in the Enforcement of Constitutional Right to Bail in Ethiopia; Partial Case Study in Addis Ababa and Sebeta

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One’s right to liberty is restricted in accordance with the rules and principles of international and national laws. The law supports the release of arrested persons until guilty verdict is rendered by court. When courts deny bail right of an accused, it impacts on his/her right to a fair trial, and the accused will be detained before his/her guilt is established " beyond reasonable doubt". This article attempts to show how courts deal with issue of bail under article 63 of the Cr.Pr.C. Furthermore, it discusses instances where bail related court orders have been ignored by the police. The paper identifies that denying bail right shall be left to courts and recommended that the law making should take legitimate actions with regard to bail right procedures to avoid the ambiguity between the rights under art 19(6) of the constitution and article 63 of the It also, suggests for an effective enforcement of bail rights of arrested persons, both legislative executive and judiciary should fully function in all situations, including where the cross checking of one over the other may cause unhappiness in some cases.



constitutional rights of accused, bail, Presumption of innocence, fair trial