Assessment of Magnitude and Factors Associated with Premarital Sex among Preparatory Students, Bishoftu Town Oromia Region

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Addis Ababa University


Background: - Premarital sex results not only expose to STDs including HIV and AIDS, but also unwanted pregnancy for females. In addition, unwanted pregnancy among female students may lead to school dropout and a failure to complete their education. Therefore, studying about the magnitude and factors associated with premarital sex among in school youth in this area is an essential issue to overcome young people from sexual related problems and to support programmers and policy makers in providing information. Objectives: - The objective of this study is to assess the magnitude and factors associated with premarital sex. Methods: - a comparative cross sectional study that employed quantitative data collection method was used. The study was conducted on May 2013 in Bishoftu preparatory school among 530 students (265 male and 265 female students). Bivariate analysis was used to describe some of the socio-demographic variables, and logistic regression model was used to measure the association of outcome variables of different characteristics of the study subjects. Results were presented using tables and figures. Result: Out of 530 samples size 504 participated in the study. About 21.6% of the respondents were sexually active; the majorities were females within the age group of 20-24 years. More than half of the sexually active students (59.6%), had their first sexual intercourse in the age group of 15-18 years, mean (+SD) age of first sexual contact were found to be 18.24(+1.493) years respectively. Twenty one percent of the respondents had multiple sexual partners and among the sexually active students 57.8% never used condom at first sex. Age, living arrangement (living with friends ), go to Bars, narcotics intake, pornography film or magazine and peer pressure for doing sex were found to be significantly associated with premarital sex(AOR: 0.550, 95%CI: 0.316, 0.956), (AOR: 3.678, 95%CI: 1.180, 11.463), (AOR: 6.802, 95%CI: 3.540, 13.067), (AOR: 7.471, 95%CI: 1.849, 30.193), (AOR: 3.000, 95%CI: 1.700, 5.295), (AOR: 2.915, 95%CI: 1.687, 5.038), respectively. Conclusion and recommendation: -From this study, one can conclude that there is a high prevalence of premarital sexual practices among youths. Therefore, an integrated effort needs to be initiated to address such youths sexual and reproductive health problems through ICC/BCC services about sexual and reproductive health in general and premarital sex and its consequences in particular within the school environment



Premarital sex