An Evaluation of Grades 9-12 English Curriculum and Its Implimentation In Schools At Capitals of Ethiopla1~ Administrative Regions As Causes For Students' Def1ciency in English

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Addis Ababa Univerisity


The purpose of this study is to find out the causes for students' deficiency in English with particular reference to grades 9-12 English curriculum and its implementation in schools at capitals of Ethiopian administrative regions. To this effect,data on Grades 9-12 English curriculum objectives and content have been secured with the help of curricular document analyses and unstructured interviews made with members of the English Panel in the Institute for Curriculum Development and Research(ICDR). On the other hand, information on the curriculum implementation is obtained through questionnaire and interviews conducted to grades 9-12 Engl~sh teachers; class observations; instructional media check-lists; assessment of course and weekly lesson plans, examination and test papers in 10 senior secondary schools which have been selected with the help of quota sampling technique. The results of data analyses, interpretations and discussions indicate that one of the causes for students' deficiency in English is the design and implementation of the curriculum, which in accordance to the findings of this paper, focus on: Ambiguity and insufficiency of the curriculum objectives; absence of communicative language; high dosage of grammatical descriptions; irrelevance of reading passages ,vocabulary items and exercises as curriculum contents and their unsystematic selection and gradation; shortage and or absence of appropriate instructional facilities, plans, methods, techniques and evaluation strategies for implementing it. In synthesis, these findings reveal the pitfalls in grades 9-12 English curriculum and its implementation which caused students' deficiency in English; and hoped to serve policy makers, the ICDR and teachers as frame of references to change the curriculum and improve its instruction