The Challenges of Blind Graduates During Employment: The Case of Arada Sub-city, Addis Ababa

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This study explores the challenges of blind graduates encounter in the realm of employment in Arada Sub-city, Addis Ababa. The research also sought to investigate the ways in which the challenges faced by the blind employee in relation to the employment procedures, criteria , employers attitudes, the feelings of blind graduates and sort of remedies to improve the employability of blind graduates. The study employs a qualitative research approach specifically case study research design. Accordingly, the researcher selected seven(7) sample population from each of the groups who participated, living in Arada sub city. (3 male and 5 female) were interviewed using a semi structured interview guide. The researcher has also used focus group discussion (FGD) which involved seven participants, ( three males and four females). In all- purpose, seven individuals took part both in the interview and Focused Group Discussion. Then the data collected was described with relating to the general and specific objectives of the study based on the research questions. The study revealed that the current situation of employment is very problematic and dearth of fair employment for blind graduates due to employers subjective judgment on blind employees competencies, vacancy announcements on News papers are totally in ink only that marginalize blind applicants, shallow employers' knowledge, awareness and reservation to hire blind applicants, absence of braille vacancy announcement for blind applicants, lack of enforceability of international and national legal and administrative instruments for the employability of blind graduates, limitation in human and material resources and assistive devices at the work environment, proclamations, rules and regulations are not placed in private employers, psychological irritations on the side of the blind graduates. However, there are positive measures by government employers that blind graduates are benefited from af irmative action, and employed in few education fields. Based on the conclusions, recommendations are proposed to improve the present practice of employment of blind graduates through awareness creation: Conducive environment should be created by which employers and civil societies established in the name of persons with disabilities would gain better awareness of employment challenges. All employers, the press and other concerned institutions should focus on how job vacancy announcements are prepared in Braille and audio formats in accessible areas near the working areas of the blind and the Ethiopian National Association of the Blind to reduce the challenges and enforcing the existing legal documents. Employers should hire the proper assistant persons in advance as it is a right to the blind to work productively to their utmost potential and it creates job opportunity for the sighted persons. Every necessary equipment should be available without hesitation and delay in the working environment for