Assessment of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women by Their Husbands in Kolfe Keraniyo Sub City, Addis Ababa Ethiopia, 2014

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Violence against women (VAW) is recognized as a significant public health problem, with grave consequences for abused women’s physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health and their children. The most common type is intimate partner violence (IPV). Worldwide, more than a third of women have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence. The root causes of intimate partner violence against women are diverse, complex and there is no single factor that explains why individuals are violent, or why violence is more prevalent in some communities than in others. Objectives: To estimate the magnitude of self-reported lifetime history of physical and/or sexual violence and identify determinant factors of violence against women by their husbands. Methods: Community based cross sectional study was done on 368 randomly selected married women, with door to door technique using structured questionnaire by trained data collectors. The collected data was checked for completeness immediately, entered using EPI INFO version 3.5.4, analyzed using SPSS version 21 and the results were presented by statement, tabular, bar graph and pie-chart presentation. Result: The mean age of the respondents was 34.12 years (± 8.4SD). The magnitude of intimate partner violence against women was 54.9%.The proportion of women who ever experienced physical and sexual violence in life time was 53.8% and 63.9%. Forty seven percent of ever married women reported that they had been physically forced by their husbands to have sex even if they did not want to. Multivariate analysis showed, husband occupation and alcohol consumption, marital status, woman’s aggressiveness, and talking to husband about money matter were independent factors for intimate partner violence against women. Conclusion: The overall magnitude of intimate partner (sexual and/or physical) violence against women was widely observed among the study participants. Compared to similar studies the finding is among the highest. From this, we can conclude that there are still gender status differences, despite improvement in living condition of the community. Recommendation: The study also suggests that there is a need to correct the imbalance on acts of violence against women by their partners through continuous culturally sensitive information, education and communication programs and empowering women



Violence Against, Women