Food Insecurity and its Determinants in Rural Households in Amhara Region

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The main objective of the study is to identify the problem of food insecurity and its determinants in rural households of the' Amhara Regional State of Ethiopia. The necessary data were generated from the secondary data of Household Income . . Consumption and Expenditure (HICE) and welfare Monitoring (MW) surveys conducted by central statically agency (CSA) in the year 1999/00. The data generated from all the 1740 rural households of the Amhara Region who were participated in both surveys was usd as secondary data in this thesis research. The data analysis techniques involved both descriptive and econometric analyses. The specific statistic used includes percentage, mean, and standard deviation in the descriptive statistics and to bit model of regression ill the econometric analysis . The' results of the study revealed that the rural households in the Amhara regional state of Eihiopia are food insecure. It was checked by using recommended minimum caloric requirement ( i. e., 2200 keal). Based on the results about 56 percent of the Amhara rural households are food insecure. They could not cover the required minimum daily calore from the income generated from their agriculture as well as other activities on which their Participation was found to be low and livestock possession as it has a problem of both Quality and quantity moreover, the profile of the Amhara rural households was found to be more devising literacy is more pervasive and accounts for 79.5 percent (1383) of the households heads. In genera l, households with large family size, illiterate and old households heads are more likely to be food insecure than those with smaller family size. educated and younger household heads. Moreover the empirical analysis reveal that household size, education, agricultural income, and share of food in total expenditure. participation in off-farm activities, and livestock possession found to be signs facet and Have the expected sign. Although the ownership of livestock has an impact on the food Insecurity of rural households it could not ripe anything because of lower quality and quantity of the possess ion . The study concluded that natural factors, demographic and socio-economic factors such as large family size, high dependency ratio, low level of agriculture production. Low level of livestock wealth, low participation in off-form activities and so on farming are among the factors that increase the odds of loud insecurity. Policy implication or the study include: population policy should be implemented effectively: off-farm employment should be enhanced; promotion of livestock and encased agriculturalproductivity through different ways should be implemented; and the development of small-sale integration should be given a priority.



Determinants, Region