Facility Based Retrospective Study on Malaria in Wondo Genet Sidama Regional State South Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Currently, malaria is a widely prevalent and poses a serious challenge although elimination is the agenda. The main objective of the study was retrospective assessment of malaria in health-facilities of Wondo Genet district, Sidama Regional state, south Ethiopia. A retrospective design was employed in order to gather information. This was done by reviewing the past five-year (2015-2019) malaria morbidity records of the district. During this period a total of 15,218 thick and thin Giemsa stained blood films were examined and 3530 (23.20%) microscopically confirmed malaria cases were reported as a decreased inter-annual trend. Plasmodium vivax and plasmodium falciparum accounted for 50.9% and 49.1% of the cases respectively. Although malaria was reported in all age groups and both sexes, ≥15 year age group and males were more affected. However, the prevalence of malaria infection between males and females was not statistically significant (P>0.05) and, not among age groups. Despite the apparent seasonal fluctuation of malaria trends in the area, the peak of malaria cases was reported during June, August and September within the last five years. Although malaria was in a decreasing trend, it remained a significant public health threat in this particular area. Therefore, intervention measures need to be strengthened to effectively reduce the burden of malaria in Wondo Genet.



Malaria, Plasmodium, Prevalence, Retrospective Study, Wondo Genet