Does Female Labour Force Participation Affect Income Inequality in Sub-Sharan African Countries: Empirical and Lysis

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This paper examines the impact of female labor force participation on income inequality using a random effect panel data model. The study uses data from selected 12 sub-Sharan countries and employs descriptive and econometric methods to investigate the relationship between income inequality and Female Labor Force Participation Rate alongside with potential variables that affect income inequality and assessing the relationship with GDP per capita, Inflation, Human Development Index, and Population Growth Rate. The results of the study indicate that there is a negative relationship between female labor force participation and income inequality. Additionally, there is a negative relationship between population growth rate and income inequality, and a negative relationship between human development index and income inequality. However, there is a positive but statistically insignificant relationship between GDP per capita and income inequality, as well as a positive but statistically insignificant relationship between inflation and income inequality. Based on these findings, the study recommends policies that promote female labor force participation to reduce income inequality



Female Labor Force Participation, Income Inequality, Women’s Labor Force Involvement, Income Distribution