Factors Affecting Self- Employment of Technical and Vocational Education and Training Graduates: The Case of St. Mary's University College

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Addis Ababa University


This research aimed at identifoing the factors affecting self-employment of TVET graduates considering St. Mary's University College (SMUC) as a case. The approach of the research design was a survey method involving both qualitative and quantitative description. To this end, questionnaire and interview methods of data collection were employed. Stratified and systematic random sampling technique was used to select respondents for questionnaire from the target population of four batch graduates. Interview respondents were four Entrepreneurship course instructors from the institute under study. Thus, it is revealed that 77.7 % of the TVET graduates of SMUC were wage employed and only 7.4% were self-employed. The rest 14.9% were unemployed. Therefore, SMUC is successful in producing demand-driven skilled manpower to the labor market though self-employment rate is very low. As regard to the factors affecting selfemployment, it was found that 88.3% of the graduates and most of the instructors responded as 'lack of start-up capital ' that led the graduates to wage employment. Hence, the graduates could not access the credit services opportunities provided by the support service system. In addition, lack of market familiarity, lack of viable concept of business operation, and lack of experience in managing and running a business were the other factors mentioned by the graduates whereas the instructors believed that graduates ' attitude, lack of self-determination and lack of risk taking behavior were factors for wage employment. Graduates also mentioned hard work (100%), need to achieve life goal (97.3%) and self-determination (96.6%) as the first three importantfactors of personality traits for self-employment. All the interview respondents agreed that the trainers lack entrepreneurial training skills. Vocational guidance and counseling service was also rated medium and below by 58.7% of the graduates that implies weak service. Based on the findings and conclusion, solutions were recommended to the concerned stakeholders.



Employment of Technical, and Vocational Education