Practicesand Challenges of Schoolimprovement Program Implementation In Preparatory Schools of East Shoa Zone, Oromia National Regional State

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Addis Ababa Universty


This study was designed to assess the practices and related challenges of implementing school improvement program in preparatory schools of East Shoa Zone, Oromia National Regional state. To this end, it emphasized on the advantages of SIP implementation in realization of its objectives, adequacy of supportive conditions to implement SIP and influence of factors of school culture. To conduct the study, descriptive survey research design was employed. The sample covered two woredas and one town administration in east shoa zone where sample preparatory schools are found. The instrument used to collect data from teachers and students was questionnaire. Semi structured interview was also conducted to collect data from principals, PTA chair persons, woreda & zone education officers. Quantitative and Qualitative methods were used to analyze the collected data. Besides, the data were analyzed by employing statistical techniques like frequencies, percentage, mean , standard deviation , and t-values. The research findings revealed that SIP implementation helped in the realization of its objectives. However, facilitating supportive conditions at school level and assistance from woreda education office was not adequate enough to implement SIP as much as expected. Furthermore, the study indicated that factors of school culture influenced the implementation of SIP. The major challenges encountered in the implementation of SIP were related to the four domains of school improvement. It may be possible to conclude that Schools which give focus for effective implementation of SIP are expected in performing better realization of its objectives than those schools that do not. And also, factors of school culture can influence positively by putting a bridge to long- lasting implementation of SIP or influence negatively by presenting barriers to it. Therefore , to ensure the overall school improvement and realization of its objectives East shoa zone and woreda education offices ought to be a catalyst for effective implementation of school improvement by understanding and acting on their role. And also it would be better for zone and woreda education offices and schools to work on the strategy in developing fertile ground for better school culture in schools such as: to work on structures and processes exist in schools to support shared leadership, facilitating staff’s collective responsibility for student learning and staff’s focus on continuous improvement. .