Performance and Energy Management for Multi-Hop Traffic in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNS) Towards Railway Track Failure Monitoring Application

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Addis Ababa University


Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is an innovative ad-hoc network with distributed sensing and processing capacities made up of collection of sensor nodes. The sensors transmit information to the sink. The routing protocols for WSNs are based mostly on efficiency of energy and some deal with real-time requirements. In this paper, a comparative study between Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH), Stable Election Protocol (SEP) and Hierarchical Adaptive Balanced energy-efficient Routing Protocol (HABRP) would be conducted being heterogeneous sensors are employed in order to attain an energy-efficient routing protocol in the sensor network field. The paper typically discusses an energy management of routing protocol in order to attain the safety analysis of a railway track monitoring. A sensor network in mesh topology has been used to detect the cracks with incorporated camera embedded along the railway track for proper end-to-end data delivery with minimum communication energy. The simulation has been done by MATLAB software environment. On the design process of railway track failure monitoring our desired routing protocol HABRP satisfies an improvement compared with LEACH by 76%.This system furnishes a cheap, reliable, flexible, and intellectual alternative for the existing system.



Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNS), Railway Track Failure, Energy Management, Monitoring Application, Multi-Hop Traffic