Quality of Early Childhood Care and Education: The case of selected Government ECCE centers in Bole and Kirkos Sub-cites in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


This study examined the quality in early childhood education in Addis Ababa. It is a descriptive survey research, which aimed at assessing the quality of early childhood care and education in 15 randomly selected ECCE’s in Kirkos and Bole Sub cities. Data were collected using 11-item structured and semi-structured questionnaire items administered on 50 parents, 23 structured and semi-structured questionnaire administered on 39 teachers, 2 FGDs in the respective sub cities consisting of teachers, principals, ECCE experts and parents. Quantitative detail obtained through structured questionnaire data were analyzed using means and percentages. Whereas, semi-structured questions were analyzed by thematic analysis. Findings showed that, overall, the quality of early childhood education is below standard. Physical environment and teaching materials were below the expected level. This was found to be due to low budget allocated for ECCE. Despite the fact that, teachers, based on the training given, strive to improve the teaching material by using their rich experiences from the locally available material on a daily basis. This is found to be encouraging. The qualities of academic staff, in terms of, quality training was found to be inadequate and require continuous training. Teachers should be adequately assessed during the training and high standard should be maintained. Parent involvement in school’s management was also found to be low. Recommendations were made towards achieving quality early childhood care and education