Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices and Associated Factors Among Working Mothers In Qera Meberat Hayel Condeminium,Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Exclusive breastfeeding is the infant receives only breast milk. WHO & UNICEF recommend that every infant should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months. Globally, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) was 41% in 2018, while in East Africa it was 56%, in Ethiopia 58% in 2016. Over two-thirds of deaths occurring worldwide during the first year of life is often associated with inappropriate feeding practices, especially due to poor exclusive breastfeeding practice. Other aggravating factor and the key reason is that working women in the formal and informal sectors around the world face challenges combining work with breastfeeding. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess exclusive breastfeeding practices and associated factors among working mothers of children 7 to 23 months old. The study was conducted in Qera Meberat Hayle Condominium. Community based both quantitative and qualitative cross-sectional study was conducted. Study participants were randomly selected; data were collected from 422 working mothers of children 7 to 23 months old. The collected data were coded and entered in to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding were determined using binary logistic regression. Out of the 422 working mothers 148 (35.1%) were practices exclusive breastfeeding and 274 (64.9 %) of respondents did not practice of exclusive breastfeeding at the time of the survey. Adjusted odds ratios of exclusive breastfeeding were Age of the mothers was significantly associated with exclusive breastfeeding practice. Mothers who had access to feed breast milk at work place were 16 times [AOR=17.174(6.256, 47.143)] more likely to practice exclusive BF than mothers didn’t have access. The study concludes that a large proportion of children were not exclusively breastfed by working mothers. The duration of EBF was below the WHO recommendation and the target of the Ethiopian health sector development plan.



Exclusive breastfeeding, working mothers, Knowledge