Public Transportation System and Its Impact on Urban mobility: The Case of Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


A review of relevant literatures covering the issue of public transport and its impact on mobility suggests that, a heavy reliance on this mode of transport increases the efficiency of urban mobility while at the same time easing the level of congestion. The literatures reviewed also suggest that the presence of an efficient public transport system creates a safe, sustainable and equitable urban mobility. This study evaluates the extent to which the public transport in Addis Ababa has an impact on the urban mobility of the city. It also assesses the possible strategies and approaches that can be devised to enable this mode play a significant role in mitigating the worsening level of congestion that we see in the city today. The study mainly relies on secondary data for its analysis and findings; however primary data has also been generated and analyzed with the help of sample surveys and structured interviews. The overall findings of this study revealed that despite the fact that an efficient public transport system is the best way to maximize urban mobility, in reality this mode of transport is in a critical condition to begin with in Addis Ababa. Furthermore it has been observed that increasingly heavier reliance on vehicles with small passenger carrying capacity, such as private automobiles and mini bus taxi, is resulting in congested junctions, with heavy traffic. Other factors such as the existence of only one dominant core area in the city, demand overlap that emanates from the similar working hours that are observed for almost all institutions in the city have also been identified to be the main drawbacks that need to be addressed to create an efficient public transport system in Addis Ababa. While assessing ways that can make this mode become more efficient, it was further noted that there are other factors at play, namely, the existing transport



Urban Mobility: The Case of Addis Ababa