Breast feeding techniques and associated factors among primi-para mothers in public health centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2020.

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Addis Abeba University


Breast-feeding technique is a skill which every mother and baby acquire through practice with time. Mother’s own milk is adapted to each infant’s need over the unnecessary deaths related to artificial bottle-feeding. Inappropriate breast-feeding techniques are common problem of primi-para mothers in the world. A study from eastern Ethiopia indicates that most of primi-para mothers practice ineffective breast feeding technique. Generally, effective breast feeding practice has numerous importances for baby’s growth and development, and maternal health. However, breast feeding technique lacks concern and because of this, postpartum mothers and children exposed for morbidity and mortality. Therefore, this study aimed to assess breast-feeding technique and associated factor among primi-para breast feeding mother in selected health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2020. Institutional based cross-sectional study design was used from March 7- April 30, 2020. Each study participant was selected using the systematic sampling technique in which every two clients were interviewed in each health center. The data was collected by using interviewer questioner and observational checklist. The data was entered using Epi-data version 4.2 and analyzed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 25. Binary logistic regression was used to identify independent factors. The proportion of effective breast feeding technique was 40.3 %. Having postnatal care within seven day of birth, breast problem, skin-to-skin contact after birth, and time of first feeding initiation were significantly associated factors with practice of effective breastfeeding technique. The proportion of effective breast feeding technique was low but separate proportion of positioning, attachment and sucking were above average level. Early postnatal care, special support, and counseling strategy should be developed for breast feeding mother, especially for prime-mothers to get better effective breast feeding technique. Hence, they had limitation to apply effective breast feeding technique.



Breast-feeding techniques, primi-para mothers, health center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia