The Psychosocial Problems of Orphan and Vulnerable Children, and tbe Responses of Service Providing Organizations: The Case of Arada Sub city, Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


The main pwpose of this study was to find out the psychosocial problems of OIphans and vulnerable children (OVC) and the responses of service providers to the problems ofOve in Addis Ababa, Arada Sub City. Eighty eight OVe, 40 guardians from the sampled ove and 4 Service providing organizations, who were direclly involved in the care and support of ove, were used as data sources. The ove were selected from two organizations. Purposefitl and available sampling methods were used to select the respondents. The instruments used for collecting the data were questionnaires and interviews. Results of the study showed that ove face different psychosocial problems. Socially, they were subjected to various problems like isolation, displacement and separation, early school drop Ollt, lack of attention, and mistreatment by guardians. Psychologically, many of them suffer from deprivation of parental care and support, and experience a range of negative psychological and emotional problems s lIch a shaving s cary dreams, unhappiness, being afraid of new situations, difficulties falling asleep, fights with other children, feelings of loneliness, wony, frustrations, anger, difficulty in making friends, feelings of hopelessness and lower selfesteem. OVC's accessibility for education was considered as th eir main needs. ove used pray, ignorance, talking to somebody and crying as the major coping strategies to cope with their problems. Guardians were aware of the situation ofOve, but they had low perceptions to the psychosocial problems of ove. The types of care and support provisions were mainly finanCial and material; food and educational, and the responses of service providers towards the psychosocial problems of ove were generally very limited. The main challengcs that the service providing organizations encountered in ove care and support especially in psychosocial support were lack of clear guideline, meager organizational strategies and program design, funding constraints, shortage of human resources and low awareness on ove psychosocial issues at all levels. [t is recommended that, early intervention is needed to prevent adverse effects on children's longterm development. Strengthening the capacity of families alld commUilities is desired to care for children. Psychological and social support systems are also needed to enhance the psychosocial well being of ove. More over, creating awareness at all levels of the community to the psychosocial problems ofove is a critical measure to ease the psychosocial problems ofOVe.



Psychosocial Problems of Orphan