Primary Education for the Pastoralist Community of Somali Region-Challenges and Opportunities

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study is to examine the status of primary school participation of Liben Zone. It also aimed at identifying the major socio-cultural socio- economic and school related factors that hinder primary school participation. It further investigates the alternative modes of delivery that promote participation by reviewing experience of other countries. Descriptive survey data analysis method was used. Percentage was one of the statistical methods that used to explain the personality characteristics of respondents. In addition, The Chi-square (X2) was also used to measure the exista,"lce of significant difference between the responses of respondents. The questionnaires were dislribuled to students and teachers. Moreover, PTA members and Somalis' of Liben Zone were involved in the focus group discussions and inlerviews respectively. The data obtained from documentary analysis indicated that the Somali region net enrollment ratio was found to be far below the national average: It was found that among the socio-cultural factors, early marriage, modern education could take children time of training, negative attitude towards girls and their education and f ear of modern education in providing skills about livestock are found to be the major impediments to primary school participation. As to socio-economic factors, high demand of child labor, poverty, health problems, lack of water and forage for animals and the mobile life of pastoralists are the major obstacles for primary school participation. In addition, lack of special support and separate toilet for girls, lack of water services in schools and shortu~:e of students text books were found to be the major impediments of primary school participation regarding school related factors. However, fear of religious and cultural change, children will be disobedient after school, lack of awareness of teachers', inappropriate medium of instruction, problems of sexual harassment or rape, and fear of early pregnancy found to have low impact on primary school participation in Liben Zone. To over come these problems, it is recommended that the Regional cmd Federal Governments incorporation with the community and different NGDs should design strategies that meet the needs of Somali pastoralists through opening boarding schools, hostels, school feeding programs and increasing demand by introducing incentives. Moreover, community sensitization programs should be designed and implemented.



Education for the Pastoralist Community