Rail-Road Integration for Freight Transportation along Djibouti Corridor

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Addis Ababa University


Modern transport and freight distribution system all over the world are tending towards the adoption of best practices those are reliable, timely and cost effective. Multimodal transport between road and rail, also known as combined transport, has received a large interest in recent years as part of a possible solution for a sustainable and efficient transport system. Hence, this study focuses on the model development and analyse the model validation of the potentials of integrated rail-road freight transportation of Ethiopia from Djibouti port to Addis Ababa and other major cities. Much of the primary data is obtained through the administration of a questionnaire specifically designed to gather information on the cost involved, distanced covered, area coverage, amount of tonnage during import and export, problems during loading and unloading and time taken to deliver cargoes to consignees. The respondents that are selected systematically for this study are traffic officers of major transport companies. Secondary data sources were obtained from the interviews of major transport companies operation, technical and marketing managers such as from Trans Ethiopia PLC, Ethiopian Railway Corporation, Ethiopian Shipping Lines and Logistics Enterprise and from Ministry of Transport. The data set are combined with the model development and validation to create the full model of the transport system used to answer the research questions; and contains the system size, transport demand, infrastructure and geographical data (rail network, road network, terminals, demand points, etc.), equipment (trucks, trains, etc.), costs data, environmental data, time windows, etc. The data are analyzed using Geometric Mean analysis. The findings of this paper reveal that integrating rail-road for hinterland bound goods would be potentially save 42.67% freight costs and time of transportation than that of using unimodal transportation i.e. road transportation. Furthermore, the emission of greenhouse gases can be minimized with 218.42% when freight transportation is done by road-rail integrations. The implications of these findings are that integrated road and rail modes of transport for porthinterland freight distribution would make the nation’s transportation system to be faster, more cost-effective and less emission.



Freight Transportation, Djibouti Corridor, Rail-Road