Psychological well-being among adolescent female victims of sexual violence: The case of Koye Secondary and Preparatory school

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Sexual violence on adolescents is a common practice that results in multiple problems. Psychological impact of sexual violence is paramount. However, studies on victims’ psychological well-being are scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to explore sexual violence victims’ psychological well-being. This study was conducted at Koye secondary and preparatory school, Akaki Kality subcity, Addis Ababa. The study was a cross-sectional survey research. Ryff’s Psychological Well-being self-rating scale was used to collect data from 153 samples who reported sexual violence history. Besides, respondents’ background information was collected. Descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation), one way ANOVA and multiple regression analyses were computed using SPSS-23. The result showed that 128 (83.659%) of sexual violence victims showed high psychological well-being. Moreover, one way ANOVA result indicated that psychological well-being is similar across the forms of sexual violence. However, one way ANOVA result showed that psychological well-being is significantly different across the type of perpetrators, where family and friend perpetrators contribute to low psychological wellness. Furthermore, multiple regression analysis result showed that perpetrator solely predicted less psychological well-being. Adolescent females are highly affected by sexual violence, which negatively impacts their psychological functioning. Therefore, effort needs to be done to create a conducive environment for adolescent females. In addition, counseling services need to incorporate mechanisms to boost adolescents psychological functioning.