Major Factors Affecting Training Performance of Tvet Colleges in the Amhara National Regional State

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Addis Ababa University


This is a research done to examine and identify the major constraints at levels 3 and 4 of TVET colleges in providing training. The researcher was specifically inspired to study this area as there existed and still exist various problems in providing training in the TVET colleges; the salient ones being the factors affecting training performances unfavorably and those which adversely influence the apprenticeship program. The study aims at solving two key problems that restricted the colleges in the provision of quality training: the major institutional factors and apprenticeship-related issues affecting the training performance of TVET colleges. The scope of the study, on the one hand, covers six of the ten nonagricultural TVET colleges in the Amhara National Regional State. Besides the inferential and descriptive statistics employed as research methodology, the investigator also made use of a mixed approach of data analysis. And to this purpose, both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used. The data collection instruments used were questionnaires, interviews, focus group discussion and observation. While 400 trainees out of the 5000 and 260 trainers out of the 800 were selected using stratified random sampling technique; the availability sampling technique was used to select the deans, apprenticeship officers, etc. In the attempts made to discover the factors which have effects on the training program, the writer of this paper set some nine variables that do have direct or indirect repercussions on the training performance. These were: physical set up, information, trainers' capacity, motivation of trainers and trainees, guidance and counseling services, provision of training materials, management, training process, and finally apprenticeship program. The results of the research unambiguously revealed that all the variables, tested through various techniques and confirmed by the various respondents, were practically affecting the training program of TVET colleges. Thus, the general implication that can be drawn from the study is that the management in the colleges, the TVET commission, the trainers, the trainees, both private and government firms, the government (both regional and federal), and the SOCiety are responsible to all the impediments on the quality of the TVET colleges training program. The research, moreover, implied that the trainees who have undergone through such an impaired training program could not be competent enough in the world of work. Therefore, the writer expresses his conviction that the findings of this research do add a lot of worthwhile propositions to the body of knowledge and expects a realistic measures on the part of all the stakeholders as their contributions can positively change the status to a considerable leap



Affecting Training Performance