Causal attributions for poverty among youths in Bahir Dar, Amhara region

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Addis Ababa Universty


Inthis study. the perceived causal altributions of poverty amollg vouths (studellts) were investigated. The samples of the study were Bahir Dar General Secondwy Schools alld University students. Thirty-nine allributions for poverty questiollnaire were completed by a total sample of 460 (male = 285. female = I 75). To supplement the qualltitative data. openended questionnaire was used Principal factor analysis. t-tests and MANOVA were llsed to analyze the quantitative data. Prillcipal factor analysis revealed that the respondellts' poverty attributions could be distinguished alollg three main dimensions: structural accoullted for 15.3J% of the total variance. illdividualistic 9.2%, and fatalistic 5.76% The filldillgs of the study showed that youths (studellls) in Bahir Dar were more inclined to attribute poverty to structural factors. Group breakdowns revealed some importallt sigllificant difJerellces related to the respondents' demographic variables and socioeconomic status of parellts. Demographic variables of sex alld educatiollal level had statistically Significant maill effects on fatalistic and individualistic attributiolls of poverty respectivel)'. Females gave more fatalistic attributions of poverty thall males. High school students were more individualistic in their attributions than their coullterparts. Parents' income level. amollg other socioeconomic status of parents, showed main significant effect on the structural dimension of poverty where high-income groups gave more structural explanations of poverty than low and middleincome groups. Statisticaliy significant interaction effects were also observed among demographic variables and socioeconomic status of parents 011 the three possible explanations of poverty. The result suggests that respondents perceived potential causes of poverty to be more structural than individualistic thereby with more emphasis on community based poverty reductioll intervention strategies. The results of the study also provided all inSight to Bahir Dar youths' cOllceptualizatioll of perceptiolls on poverty among the groups, with recommendations for developing poverty reduction intervent iOlls accordingly.