Implementation of Apprenticeship in Three Government Colleges at Arba Minch

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Addis Ababa University


The main purpose of the study was to see the implemenlation of apprenticeship training in the three government colleges at Arba Minch. To this end, an attempt was made to look in to the criterion for selecting and placement of trainees on apprenticing organizations, arrangements and selection procedures of apprentiCing centers. Opinions and views (of trainees, trainers, supervisors and deans) on the adequacy and appropriateness of training period, evaluation and supervision of trainees at the work place, the relation between theory and practice, and efforts made by colleges to improve the training programs were treated. The study employed descriptive analysis in regular programs of the three colleges selected from teaching (TTC), health (HSC), technical and vocational education and training (TVET) sectors. The Subjects of the study were 3 deans (v/deans), 3 apprenticeship coordinators/vocational counselors, 84 trainers, 273 trainees and 15 apprenticeship centers. Trainees were selected through stratified random sampling technique while trainers were selected through purposive and random sampling techniques. The Information obtained through questionnaires, interviews and document analysis were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics such as percentages and analysis of variance (ANOVA) including chi-square(x2 ) test and F-test at the 0.05 significance level. The finding of the study revealed that availability of supervisors and occupation were widely used criterion to select apprenlicing organizations in TTC and HSC while inlerest of apprenticing organizations was the dominant factor in selecting apprenticeship centers for TVET trainees. Placement of apprentice to practice centers was done by agreement between colleges and apprenticing organizations. The size of trainees sent to apprenliceship cenlers was determined by college's management in !TC, trainers in HSC and vocational counselor in TVET College. The implementation of apprenticeship based on the legal framework was very limited. Apprenticing organizations should pay incentives depending on the duration of training and type of occupation trainees engaged. As well, there should be responsible organ that determine the content, structure, duration of training period and the standard of the training. Serious attention should be given in coordinating traditional apprenticeship with modern once so that trainees can gain and adapt self-employment opportunities in the informal sectors.