An Assessment of Alternative Strategies For The Basic Education of Women In Rural Bale and Borena

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Addis Abeba university


The purpose of this study was to examme the alternative educational strategies available to rural girls and women ~d to propose the appropriate measures to be taken ahead. The study has involved 116 girl pupils and dropouts, 100 NFBE learners, 91 educational experts and 18 community representatives. The necessary information was secured from these subjects through questionnaires, structured interviews and document analysis. In addition, education statistics annual abstracts of the MOE and OEB were used to obtain the necessary data regarding pupils' rate of particiaption in lower primary cycle. As the findings of this study indicates, the majority of the factors affecting girls' schooling in rural areas are economical and attitudinal. It has become evident from the outcomes of the study that for a girl whose educational decision is in the hands of her parents a free primary school across the road was found to be inaccessible. Therefore, the construction of more schools and facilities was proved not to increase the rate of girls' participation in basic education. Various educational options were proposed by the subjects: ungraded village schools, boarding primary schools, segregated schools for females, multiple teaching and multiple shift, flexible schedules, shorter school-day, home teaching etc., which need more attention from policy makers and educational planners. In general, the promotion of equal opportunity for access to basic education was found to concern three major areas: the flexibility of the educational program to be provided, the relevance and adaptability to the needs of the target group, and integrated approach of the concerned groups



Alternative Strategies