Causes and Impacts of Marginalization of Manjo Clan in South Nation Nationalities and Peoples Region of Ethiopia: the case of Saylem Woreda in Kafa Zone

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The main purpose of this study was to assess the causes and effects of marginalization of Manjo clan in Kafa Zone Saylem Woreda. Accordingly, the study employed descriptive survey design. The main sources of data for the study were three Kebeles that found in Saylem Woreda. In order to select the sample respondents, systematic random and purposive samplings were used. Thus, 280 respondents (126 Manjos and 154 non Manjos) were selected on the basis of systematic random sampling. Besides, eleven (11) people were selected through purposive sampling for interview. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected using questionnaire and interview guide. The analysis of the quantitative data was carried out using percentage, mean and standard deviation while the qualitative data was analyzed using narration and theme building. The result of the study disclosed that the Manjos in the studied kebeles were marginalized and suffered from the effects of their marginalization. The findings also revealed that marginalization of Manjo was caused by their linage or descent, low occupational status, breaches of food taboo, contradictory cultural practice, hygiene problem and problem of characteristics. The study also depicted that the consequences of marginalization of Manjo clan were socio cultural (absence of social relation, denial of communality, prohibition of intermarriage, denial of burial process and denial of membership in community organizations), economic ( limitation of access to participate, absences of favorable working place, restriction of exchange in the market, limitation of products and engagement in less valued works) and political (limitation of opportunity to take part in and lack of their own representative). The study also founded that the possible strategies to reduce marginalization of Manjo were awareness creation, providing opportunity, empowerment and protection. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that the government agencies, religious institutions, NGO’s and local administrators in the study area should collaboratively work hard to reduce marginalization of Manjo clan and maintain health socio-cultural, economic and political relationship withManjo



Marginalization, causes, consequences, strategies