The Challenges and Opportunities of Female with Visual Impairment to Participate in Social Activities in Case of Ethiopian National Association of the Blind (ENAB)

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The main purpose of this study is to identify the major challenges that hold back the participation of female with visual impairment in the society and to show the available opportunities for female with visual impairments to participate in social activities. It is known that social participation has various benefits for human domain. But female with visual impairment are isolated and excluded from social participation by ill customs, negative attitudes, low social skill, inaccessible physical environments, low economic income, and ETC. Qualitative research method and phenomenology research design were used in this study. Purposive sampling technique was employed to conduct the study. The study was conducted with 7 key interview informants and with 10 focus group discussion participants who purposively selected generally 17 participants were involved in the study. Total blind females and age from 25-55 were included in the study. The data analysis was used thematic data analysis and the data is described based on the research questions organization. The participants of the study described the challenges thy experienced in relation to negative social attitude, low social skills, negative cultural attitude, inaccessible physical environment, and low economic status. The respondents of this thesis were also discussed about the challenges and opportunities based on the questions posed to them. The result of this study is members of the society consider female with visual impairment as incapable and incompetent to make social participation. The finding of the data also indicated that female with visual impairment have low social skill. Female with visual impairment met so many impediments to participate in social activities. Despite the challenges female with visual impairment encounter, the society gives priority for female with visual impairment which is a great opportunity. In addition, members of the society also began giving recognition to person with visual impairment. Persons with disability should have the opportunity to be actively involved in decision-making processes about policies and programme, including those directly concerning them. In order to ensure self-determination, female with visual impairment must be supported to make their own decisions over their lives, their bodies and how they choose to seek justice has been recommended at the end