Factors that Contribute to the Problems Efl Learners Face in the Listening Skills Classroom

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Addis Ababa University


This study explores the factors that contribute to the problems learners encounter in EFL listening comprehension, assesses whether the factors are associated with the text, the speaker, the listener, or the environment, and identifies which particular factor poses the most difficulty for the learners. The subjects of the study were first year English major students of Bahir Dar University and 149 students who took the listening course in 2007/8 were selected for the study. Data was collected using questionnaire, interview, observation, material analysis and document analysis. The study confirmed that EFL learners in college encounter listening problems whenever they are engaged in EFL listening activities on the listening course. The study identified thirty six factors that influenced the learners listening comprehension, and it further identified that the learners’ listening difficulties emerged from the defects of the listening materials used in the course, from the students lack of exposure to native speaker English, and from the inconvenience of the listening environment where the EFL listening took place. The study also revealed that the students perceive native speaker pronunciation and fast speed of delivery posed the most difficulties for them while they are engaged in EFL listening activities.



Problems Efl Learners Face