Intestinal Parasitic Infections among Patients of Aykel Health Center, Northwest Ethiopia.

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Addis Ababa University


Prevalence of Human Intestinal parasitic Infection among Patients who attended At Aykel Health Center from 2014-2016 North West Ethiopia. In developing countries like Ethiopia, intestinal parasites are the next causes of outpatient morbidity and mortality to malaria. Prevalence information on intestinal parasitic infection is important to develop appropriate control strategy. There was no study on prevalence of intestinal parasites in Aykel town and health center, North West Ethiopia. Thus the purpose of this study was to determine the status of intestinal parasitic infections among patient who attended Aykel Health Centre for diagnosis of intestinal parasite infection between 2014-2016.All subjects were considered as the sample/ representative population for Aykel town and the surrounding areas. The data for this retrospective study was collected from Aykel Health Centre record books for the three consecutive years using data collecting forms and analyzed using descriptive statistical method and presented by tables and graphs. Based on the data prevalence of the major protozoa and helminths infections were identified. Accordingly a total of 36,735 patients visited the laboratory for stool examination, 4377(11.9%) were found to have one or more parasitic infections. Males(13.9%) were more infected than females(10.3%).and Prevalence of intestinal parasites in the study area was started with 13.7%, in the first year and dropped the next year to 11.3% and got on to 10.1% on the third year .It was generally on decrease at a noticeable rate. However, the most dominant infections were protozoa parasites (6.9%) followed by helminths (5%). Infection with Giardia was found to be the commonest protozoan infection (5.2%) followed by hook worm (2.5%) and Enamoeba species (1.7%). From the total positive cases (11.9%), 6.7% and 0.3% showed dual and triple parasitic infection respectively. Age group analysis showed that > 15-20 and > 35 age groups were more, 0-5 and 30-35 were les infected than the other age groups. The rural populations (61.9%)) have doubled infection that of the urban (38.1%). Most intestinal parasitic infections are among the ten top diseases to cause death. But it is simply transmitted through fecal oral route. To minimize its prevalence the government must give attention to provide education on the area of transmission and prevention before infection especially for rural populations.



Helminth, Intestinal Parasitic Infection, Prevalence, Protozoa