Knowledge of cardiovascular disease risk factors among diabetes mellitus patients in Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital.

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Addis Abeba University


Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the commonest cause of mortality worldwide, especially in diabetes mellitus patients. Many risk factors contribute to the development of cardiovascular diseases. Adequate knowledge of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases is the first step towards effective preventive strategies to combat the burden of cardiovascular disease. Objective: To assess knowledge of risk factors of cardiovascular disease and associated factors among diabetes mellitus patients in TASH, Addis Ababa Ethiopia, 2020/21 Method: Cross-sectional study was conducted on diabetes mellitus patients on follow up at Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital from April 11 to May 16. The study participants were selected using a consecutive sampling method. Data was collected using an interview method and then, data was entered into Epidata (4.6) and analysed using SPSS (26). A score of less than 70% was defined as suboptimal knowledge. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between knowledge of CVD risk factors and predictor variables. Result: A total of 404 patients were enrolled in the study. The mean age was 52.03±14.39 years and more than half 217(53.7%) of patients were females. Roughly half of the participants 196(48.5%) had information about CVD risk factors. About half of patients (52%) had good knowledge of CVD risk factors, whilst 48% demonstrated suboptimal knowledge. Based on multivariable logistic regression analysis higher education, urban residence, being employed and hearing information about CVD risk factors associated with knowledge of CVD risk factors. Conclusion: This study revealed that diabetes mellitus patients in TASH had suboptimal knowledge about CVD risk factors and inadequate education about risk factors of CVD and poor counselling about the lifestyle they lead. In addition to this income level, age, marital status and sex are not associated with knowledge of CVD risk factors, whereas, higher education, being employed, urban residency and having information about CVD risk factors are significantly associated.



Diabetes mellitus, knowledge, cardiovascular disease; risk factors