Contribution of Addis Ababa Light Railway Project for Technology Transfer Process in Ethiopia

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Technology has gained increasingly importance in achieving the desired development objectives of a nation. Technology transfer is a process of learning to understand, use and replicate, including the capacity to select and adapt to local conditions and integrate it with indigenous technologies for further achievement of technology development and innovation process. In order to minimize a continuous dependence on foreign finance and technology to respond the ever growing demand for efficient and modern means of transportation as well as to develop other basic infrastructures, it is imperative to work strongly on technology transfer process. If the production frontiers of the country is to expand by increasing labor and capital productivity; technological advancement has got a vital role to play and without use of technology the desired level of economic development could not be imagined. The underlying objective of the study is to assess the contribution of Addis Ababa light rail transit project for technology transfer process by using the Technology Transfer Life Cycle model and identified criteria in it since it is a newly introduced technology as city passenger transportation option and comprises of latest rolling stock with electric traction and train controlling system which cope up with current international standard gauge of rail way system. The research used secondary data like feasibility study, conceptual design, contract agreement, different reports and personnel data of the project archive and primary data like interview and questionnaire were utilized. Descriptive method was used to analyse the case since the study is new to Ethiopia and also for that the qualitative data all over the project cycle were utilized. The result of the analysis indicated that: most of the criteria that contributes to technology transfer process were not considered; technology supplier selection was biased to financial issues; there was no technology transfer agreement and plan; there is no systematic and tactical transfer implementation process to informaly achieve technology transfer; and according to data obtained from overall project implementation process knowledge and skills were generated like how to design, select, fix and operate rail way sysytems. The knowledge and skills obtained following the implementation of the project could be helpful and required to be engaged in work in a planned way with having a responsible nominees (may be firms or associations). Moreover, during implementation of public projects technology transfer process would be considerd by using Technology Transfer Life Cycle model which was used for the purpose of this study and the identified criteria can contribute to successful technology transfer process.



AA Light Rail Transit project, contribution, technology transfer, technology transfer model