The Current Status and Challenges of Apprenticeship in Government and Private WET Colleges of Addis Ababa: Comparative Analysis

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Addis Ababa University


This thesis was aimed at undertaking a research study on the practice of apprenticeship in Govenunent and privates TVET colleges of Addis Ababa. The focus of the study was to investigate the major problems that affect the successful implementation of apprenticeship. To this end, attempt was made to evaluate the degree of partnership between TVET colleges and the world of work and the major fac tors affecting this link like legal frame work and work place training envirOlunents. Comparative method of study was employed to compare and contrast conditions of apprenticeship practices in two govenunent and four private TVET colleges found in three sub-cities of Addis Ababa. All the colleges were selected on the basis of simple random sampling method . The subjects of the study were 38 administrative staff members of TVET colleges, 220 trainees and 68 work place supervisors. The sampling of respondents was carried out through purposive, availability, simple and s tratified teclmiques on the basis of the nature and size of sample respondents. Data were collected through questionnaires, interviews, observation and document analysis. The data were also analyzed using percentages and chi-square methods. The result of the study depicted that while govenunent colleges backed apprenticeship by legal frame work, private colleges did not. On the other hand, unlike private colleges, govenunent colleges prepared their h'ainees for apprenticeship only once in their college life time. Besides, colleges were unable to establish a network of co-operation partnerships with organizations. Above all, apprenticeship suffers from lack of appropriate workplaces, qualified supervisors and financial constraints. From this, it is possible to conclude that trainees from both TVET colleges faced the problem of attending their apprenticeship so that the objective of apprenticeship was not properly met. Therefore, it is reconunended to find other policy alternatives; to enact apprenticeship regulation; and to create strong awareness through campaign so that other responsible bodies such as chambers of conunerce and industry could share the responsibility of facilitating apprenticeship.



Challenges of Apprenticeship in Government