Assessment of Knowledge About Hepatitis B Vaccine and Vaccination Status of Nurses Against Hepatitis B Virus At Governmental Hospitals of Addis Ababa; Ethiopia, 2015

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Health care workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of acquiring hepatitis B infection due to occupational exposure. A range of measures and interventions can contribute to reduce HBV transmission to HCWs to low levels. There is effective and safe vaccine against hepatitis B infection throughout the world many HCWs especially in resource poor countries remain at risk because they are not vaccinated against HBV. Objective: To assess the knowledge about HBV vaccine and vaccination status against HBV of nurses at governmental hospital in Addis Ababa. Method: Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted among governmental hospital nurses of Addis Ababa from March to April 2015. The study population was selected among governmental hospital nurses of Addis Ababa. A total of 272 nurses were included in the study. Data was collected by using self-administered questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed by using SPSS version 20 statistical software. Descriptive statistics was used for determining results. Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression and multi variable logistic regression analysis was also used to characterize the association between the variables. P-value ≤ 0.05 was used for statistical significance. Results: This study found the mean knowledge score for HB vaccine to be 8.38 with standard deviation of 2.50. More than half of study participants (51.8%) had poor knowledge about the HB vaccine. Among the study participants only 67(24.4%) were vaccinated at least once in their life time. Out of those respondents who were vaccinated, only 35.8% were fully vaccinated. This study also identified vaccination status was associated with factors like the hospital where the respondents were working, hospital wards, history of exposure to needles and sharp injury and knowledge of respondents about the vaccine. Conclusion: This study identified knowledge of respondents about HB vaccine unsatisfactory and vaccination status of respondents to be very low. Recommendation: Hepatitis B prevention and control implementation guideline and hepatitis B data has to be derived, and from this guideline each concerned bodies including governmental hospitals could work out their own strategy on hepatitis B. Key words: HBV, Knowledge, vaccination status, Nurses, governmental hospitals



HBV, Knowledge, Vaccination status, Nurses