Practices and Challenges of Unit of Competence based Cooperative Training: the Case of Bole Sub-city Private and Nongovernmental TVET Institution

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study was to investigate the challenge and practices of unite of competency based cooperative training program in bole sub city private, nongovernmental TVET institution. To this end, descriptive survey design was employed. Both primary and secondary source of data was used. The primary sources included trainees, trainers, deans, supervisors whereas the secondary sources included relevant policy documents. A total of 136 respondents took part in this study. Stratified, simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used. Data collection instruments were questionnaires semi-structured interview guide and observation checklist. Both qualitative and quantitative data analysis was used. The data analysis leads to the following major findings (1) The trainees knowledge about unit of competence based cooperative training is adequate but the implementation is not as expected most of the institution are send the trainees to the enterprise at the end of their institutional training. (2) The finding of the study revealed that trainees were assigned in the enterprise by trainees own communicating with the enterprises which is very tiring activities for trainees. (3) From the data, it was shown that the communication between the institution and the enterprise was very low, there was not face to face meeting of the supervisors with the leader of the institution concerning about cooperative training.(4) There was no professional cooperative training coordinator who follows the implementation of cooperative training programs as the major work. Based on the findings, it was concluded that the implementation of unit of competency based cooperative training in both private and non-governmental TVET institution in Bole Sub-city of Addis Ababa has problems of coverage and quality of implementation. Based on the finding and conclusion the followings are recommended: To implement unit of competency based cooperative training properly the institution and the enterprise have to be work together basically in planning. The institution by itself recruits and assigned the trainees in better enterprise. The trainers and trainees knowledge have to be updated by the current situation of cooperative training program. Awareness creation program on TVET strategy in general and the implementations of unit of competence based cooperative training in particular should be arranged by the TVET biro and the institution to enterprise. The researchers also recommended to Addis Ababa TVET biro to train and certifysupervisors about the evaluation of trainees at their institution. It is important to regularly follow up the performance of cooperative training at the enterprise. Therefore, it is recommended that the TVET institution has to work hard in conducting continuous and through supervision to provides timely responses to the respective enterprise and monitors the progress. For the purpose of this activity, the institution is also recommended to assign professional cooperative training coordinator. It is known that cooperative training is a corner stone of TVET program. Since 70%of the TVET training is undertaken at the enterprise, the trainees have to be certified in cooperative training. Therefore, it is recommended to the Addis Ababa TVET biro to make certification at enterprise is the precondition to sit in the national center of competency (COC) exam. It is better for the privet and nongovernmental institution to plan about the implementation of cooperative training and communicate this plan with the enterprises. It is also recommended to the institution to train professionals who work in the enterprise and to make them trainers at the enterprise.



competency based, cooperative training program