Gender Division of Labor among Wives and Husbands in Agro-Pastoral Society: The case of Fafen, Somali Region

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


Gender division of labor is a Scio-cultural construction and assignment of tasks for males and females. The very nature of gender division of labor is its variation across cultures. Therefore, it needs specific attention in particular place to have a specific data about who does what in that area.This study was conducted at Fafen (Golmorodi and Ara-as), a kebelie from Gorsum woreda in Jigjiga zone (Somali Region).It was designed to investigate what wives and husbands do in domestic chores; crop, vegetable and fruit, as well as livestock productions; and selling of agricultural products. Besides, the study was designed to see the influencing factors for the division of tasks among couples and the role of wives and husbands for saving and managing the household income. Both quantitative and qualitative research designs were used. Hundred respondents (fifty wives and fifty husbands) were taken as a sample from the total population of one thousand. Ten couples (five wives and five husbands) were taken for in-depth interview from those who responded to the questionnaires. The selection of the respondents has been done using simple random sampling technique. Besides, three key informants were taken for in depth interview through purposive sampling technique. Structured interview was employed for collecting the data from questionnaire respondents. The finding indicated that wives perform all tasks in household chores, selling of agricultural products and saving and managing the income of the household. They also perform most of the tasks in livestock production; whereas, the participation of husbands in livestock production is less. On the contrary, husbands accomplish most of the tasks in crop production, however, wives also accomplish tasks alone and together with their husbands in this production; and both wives and husbands carry out tasks in vegetable and fruit productions. The finding depicted the variation of the participation of couples across crops, vegetables, fruits and tasks in these items and wives of the study area were overburdened with multiple tasks. Factors that sway the division of tasks among couples were interrelated and mainly emanate from the culture of the study area. Hence, there is a need to ease the burden of the wives in the study area through creating awareness for society in general and husbands in particular to share the above mentioned tasks



Gender Studies