Mothers’/Care Givers’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practice About Management Of Diarrhea And Associated Factors in Under Five Children in Ginchi Town, West Shawa, Oromia Region, Ethiopia, 2017

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


Background: Diarrhoea remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years old worldwide. The burden is disproportionately high among children in low- and middle-income countries. Worldwide, the majority of deaths related to diarrhoea take place in Africa and South Asia. Nearly half of deaths from diarrhoea among young children occur in Africa where diarrhoea is the largest cause of death among children under 5 years old and a major cause of childhood illness. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers towards management of diarrhoea for children less than five years and associated factors in Ginchi town, West Shawa, Oromia regional State, and west of Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted at Ginchi town from April 1 – 15/2017. Systematic sampling technique was used to get study subject. To determine the sample size a single proportional formula was used. The study sample size was 335. Standardized interview questionnaires were adapted from related articles to collect data on the socio-demographic variables and factors associated with it. Pre-test was done before data collection on 5% of sample size at Gojjo town necessary modification was made. Collected data was entered into Epi-data (version 3.5.1) and exported to SPSS software package version 20.0 for further analysis like frequency tables, SD, mean, binary and multivariate analysis. Result: Out of 335 sample population 326 respondents were participated, the response rate was 97.3%. Based on the mean, 208(63.8%) of mothers/care givers were had good knowledge. About 202(62%) of the mothers/care givers had favourable attitude. Near to two third of respondents had good practice. Educational status had significance association with knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers on diarrheal management. Conclusion and Recommendation: Majority of respondents had good knowledge, favourable attitude and good practice toward management of diarrhea. Educational status of mothers/care givers had significant association with knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers/care givers towards management diarrhea for under-five children. Therefore, health education and awareness creation program for the mothers/care givers on management of diarrhoea, and appropriate use of ORS, home based fluid preparation, prevention of diarrhoea is very crucial. Key words: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice



Knowledge, Attitude, Practice