Causes of Dropout of Students in Government Second Cycle Primary Schools of West Hararge Zone

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


The study was setout to assess the magnitude of dropout of primary schools in West Hararge zone and factors affecting it. In order to achieve this purpose, basic question were raised that intended to address the magnitude of dropout by grade level and sex and factors behind dropout of the system. Descriptive survey method was employed in this study. Moreover, both probability and non-probability sampling technique were used. Accordingly, 7 woredas and one(1) town administration were selected from 14 woreda and two town administrations found in the zone using simple random sampling. From the total of 82 complete primary schools found in the sample woredas, 30 complete primary schools were again randomly selected and included in the study. Principals, teachers, student (dropout), PTAs, zone and district supervision work process owners were used as the primary source of data. Questionnaire, semi-structured interview and FGD guides were used as the means of data gathering tools. Moreover, document analysis was intensively made to compute the magnitude (trend) of dropout by grade level and sex of the students' population. Before administrating the questionnaire, pilot test was conducted in two primary schools for validity and reliability of the items. After data were gathered, analysis was made using tables, frequencies, percentage, mean, weighted mean and spearman's rank correlation coefficient. The data revealed that the rate of dropout in primary schools of the study area is 12.9% in 2006107, 14.8%,2007108. 16.4%, 2008109 high and its trend shows a tendency of increasing except 2009110. The data further indicate that the problem is more serious among boys than girls. Low quality teaching, lack of school facilities, large class size, irrelevance curriculum, long home-school distance, poor school community relation, shortage of qualified teachers, and lack of training for school managers were the cause for dropout of student. Above all, inability to afford both direct and indirect costs of education, demand for child labor, lack of material and financial support, early marriage (Teenage pregnancy) and lack of family awareness were found to be the major impediments of dropout. Poor academic performance of students, low future success expectation and repeated absenteeism were also the other student elated problems that causes student to dropout. To alleviate these problems, recruiting more teachers, improving quality of education in general, diversifYing mode of delivery, creating open dialogue with community on sustainable basis, launching various support mechanism for economically poor students. building boarding schools, making curriculum relevant, earlier identification of potential dropout, creating job opportunities, and conducting further multivariate and longitudinal research on the issue were suggested



Students; Government