Determinants of Collective Action in Irrigation Water Management for Canal Irrigation Schemes Managed by Local Water User Associations in Ethiopia: The Case of Dura, Laelay Logometi and Dibdebo in Central Tigray

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Addis Ababa University


Collective action for managing common pool resources is a vital element with many appropriation and provision problems. Challenges of ensuring collective action forces us to identify the determinants of collective action. This study identifies what determines participation of collective action for small scale irrigation farmers using canal irrigation in Central Tigray. It also addresses determinants of intensity of collective action participation given the farmers participate. The study uses Multivariate probit regression to find the determinants of collective action using a cross-sectional data from 240 observation. These observation collected were from Dura, Laelay Logometi and Dibdebo which are kebeles found in the Central Tigray Zone. This survey was conducted in 2016 referring to 2007 E.C. The findings show that determinants of collective action differ according to measurements of collective action; but labour force in the household, income earned from irrigation farming, membership in community organization, age of dam, distance to all weather road and perception of rainfall adequacy affect participation of an irrigation farmer in collective action positively. Heckman sample selection was used to measure intensity of participation in collective action resulting the different determinants to different intensity measurements but age of dam affected intensity of participation positively while size of irrigation dam had different sign with different measurements of intensity. Hence policy makers should take into account the determinants of collective action when designing irrigation projects



local water user associations in Ethiopia