The Psychosocial Challenges of Orphaned and Vulnerable Adolescents: in Some Selected Centers in Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


The major objective of the study was to explore the major psychosocial challenges experienced by Orphan and Vulnerable Adolescents (OVA). For the present study, 286 OVA and 47 OVA care takers were selected through purposive sampling from four OVA centers in Addis Ababa namely, Dorcas Aid International, Hanna Orphans Home, Abebech Gobena Children and Development Organization and from Kechene Children's Village. Questionnaires were distributed to all selected sample to collect the desired data. The collected data were treated with statistical techniques namely cross tabulation of percentage, product moment correlation and t-test. The service needs and support fulfillment is analyzed to see the psychosocial intervention gap. The analysis revealed that, there IS high(57. C%) mean average psychosocial support gap in counseling (74.3%), love (73.7%), visiting and recreation(62.7%), play (54.1 %), motivation (35.5%) . There is 5. 9% mean average social support in fulfillment or gap in the area of peer education (73%), life skills (57.5%) and 6% in housing. The psychological support gap exceeds social gap. The inter correlation among the psychosocial variables shows that there is significant relationship between the social and psychological variables among the OVA. The t-test analysis shows that there is no s ignificant social and self-esteem challenges differences between early and late adolescents, where as there is significant psychological and self-efficacy challenge differences between early and late adolescents. There is also no significC'nt difference in social and self-efficacy challenges between male and female adolescents where as there is significant psychological and self-esteem difference between male and female adolescents. Therefore, the findings of the study underline the importance of improving the accessibility of psychosocial support and bridging the service gap intervene to mitigate the challenges associated with age and sex differences to enhance the psychosocial well-being of OVA.



major psychosocial challenges experienced by Orphan