Determinants of Urban Youth Unemployment: The Case of Adama City

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Now days, the growth of youth unemployment is one of the critical socio-economic problems fac-ing Ethiopia. It creates many economic and social problems in the economy. The intensity of the problem is high in urban areas in general, Adama city in particular where youth face serious difficulty in getting employment. Despite the severity of urban youth unemployment worsens overtime in Ethiopia; researches done on the area are scanty. The main objective of this study is to identify and examine the demographic and socio-economic determinants of urban youth un-employment in Adama city, East showa Zone of Oromia Region. To achieve the specified objec-tive, both primary and secondary data sources were used. The primary data was collected from 480 sample respondents through structured questionnaire from seven kebeles of the city propor-tionally. To supplement the primary data, secondary data was also gathered from published and unpublished sources. To come up with the results the researchers employed both descriptive and inferential analysis. The study found that 54% of the respondents are unemployed while 46 % of them are employed. In the case of inferential analysis binary logit model was used. Hence, Vari-ables such as, marital status, work experience, social network, job preferences, mothers and fa-thers education, and family income are identified as negative and significant determinants of urban youth unemployment in the study area. Whereas gender, education level and migration status of urban youths affected unemployment positively and significantly. Hence, efforts should be made to reduce the level of unemployment by increasing job opportunity for non-educated and non-experienced youths, reducing rural-urban migration and provision of relevant infor-mation like as mass media and magazines in the study area for job seekers



Employment status and Binary Logit, Youth