The Assessment of The Status of Aids Education Programs In The Second Cycle Primary Schools of The Oromia Region

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Addis Ababauniversity


The main objective of this study was to assess the status of AIDS education in the second cycle primary school of the Oromia region. To achieve this purpose, schoolteaching materials were surveyed; school implementation practices of AIDS education were examined; and students' awareness level on HI VIA IDS was tested. Teaching materials of three school subjects (Science/Biology, Health and Physical education, and Social Studies) were purposively selected and analyzed for objectives and contents of AIDS education. By systematic random sampling technique, 600 students from both sexes and settings were selected to fill student questionnaires. Teachers teaching the school subjects in which AIDS education is integrated have filled the feedback form adapted from works of WHO. Club coordinators from each sampled schools have also responded to questions on how the implementation practices of the club. Parents and curriculum experts were interviewed on the present school AIDS education programs. For data collection purposes, coding sheets, questionnaires, and tests were employed. Percentage and t-test were used for analyzing the data. It was found out that inadequacies of AIDS education objectives and contents were observed. Only in grade six and eight Science courses and in grade seven H.P.E courses that few issues of AIDS were integrated. The available contents ignored the importance of care and support for people living with the virus. The results of school survey revealed that teachers and Anti-AIDS club coordinator were not given enough orientation to successfully implement the program. The involvement of the risk groups and different social agencies in the development and implementation of the programs were unsatisfactory. Meager resources were being allocated for the implementation of the program. The peer education approach reported to be very fruitful in many countries was not properly applied in the schools observed. There were no enough references for teachers and students in the schools. Parents have strong interest if the school can assume the responsibility of informing their children about AIDS. In spite of the above constraints, students have demonstrated an appreciable knowledge base on the first three categories. Deficiencies were, however, observed on the importance of care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS both in curricula and actually on the students' score. Students have demonstrated that they have no caring attitude for the victims. There is a statistically Significant awareness differences between male and female. Males were more aware than females were. Setting has not brought about statistically significant difference of awareness on the students Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that AIDS education objectives and contents as well as interactive teaching methodologies suggested by WHO should be adapted and integrated into all relevant school subjects. Continuous refreshment courses should be given to teachers coordinating School Anti-AIDS clubs and those teaching subjects in AIDS education is integrated; per-services-training (particularly sciences courses) should give much room to desensitizing the wound-be teachers on sexual issues. The peer educator's approach, which is loosely followed in schools, should be strengthened. Program designers and implementers should involve risk groups, parents and different agencies in the development and implementation of the programs to collaboratively win the war declared on AIDS. Finally, the feasibility of independent curricula on Sex and AIDS Education shall be studied



Second Cycle Primary Schools of The Oromia Region