Assessment of the Knowledge and Practices Towards Infection Prevention and Associated Factors Among Healthcare Providers of Public Health Facilities In West Arsi, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Background: Health care workers (HCW) are at risk of infection with blood borne pathogens (BBP) through occupational exposure to blood and infectious body fluids presents the greatest risk for transmission in the health care settings(3). Health care associated infections place a significant economic burden` on the health care system. Infection control(IC) practices are paramount to minimize health care associated infections. This study was to assess the knowledge and practice of health care providers towards infection prevention and associated factors in health facilities in West Arsi Zone, 2015 Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in April six to ten 2015 in selected health facilities of West Arsi Zone. Six hundred eighteen health providers were included in the study. The sample size was assigned to each health facility proportional to their number of healthcare providers. Study subjects were selected by simple random sampling technique. Self administered structured questionnaire was used to collect information. Bivariate and Multivariate Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with knowledge and practice of healthcare providers towards infection prevention. P-value<0.05. Result: six hundred forty eighty participants with 95.3% response rate were involved in the study. Of these, (46.3%) had poor knowledge and 63.7% had unsafe practice health care provider‟s score towards infection prevention. Having training on infection prevention were significantly associated with knowledge on infection prevention (AOR=5.019 CI of 95% (1.453, 8.585)). Having training on infection prevention was significantly associated with practice on infection prevention. (AOR= 5.305 CI of 95% (2.420, 11.629)). Conclusion: Above one third of healthcare providers had relatively poor knowledge and nearly two third of them had unsafe practice on infection prevention. Infection prevention training and presence of infection guideline in the health facility are determinant factor to knowledge and practice. Further study is recommended. Key words: Knowledge, Practice, Infection prevention, West Arsi Zone



Knowledge, Practice, Infection prevention, West Arsi zone