Factors Affecting Academic Achievement of Evening Program Female Students in Addis Ababa City Administration

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Addis Ababa Univerisity


The main purpose of this study was to examine level of academic achievement and factors affecting the academic achievement of 2nd cycle primary school evening program female students in Addis Ababa City Administration. This survey study was carried in four government and non government primary schools employing multi stage sampling. Quantitative and qualitative research methods were employed in scrutinizing the problem. Documents, questionnaires, interview and group discussions were employed to collect multi-dimension data. Quantitative data were analyzed primarily through employing descriptive statistics like percentage, mean and standard deviation and inferential statistics like t-test. The qualitative data that were collected through interviews, group discussions and open-ended questions, were examined through coding, categorization and thematic analysis. The findings of the study show that female students academically perform less when compared to their counterpart male students in both class and primary school leaving examination. The achievement of students in class examination and Primary School Leaving Examination showed immense differenceshigh in the former and very low in the latter. Among the potential variables identified, both quantitative and qualitative data verified that students and teachers behaviors highly contributed for female students' low achievement and followed by socio-economic, school and social characteristics. To overcome the problem and enhance the academic achievement of evening program female student, paying due attention for evening program education in general and for female students is crucially important. Implementation of direction for evening program education, close-up supervision and support, motivating teachers who involved in this program, developing students selfconcept, improving the awareness of the society on the importance of evening education in supplementing the regular education system is paramount important.