Assessment of the Prevalence and Associated Factors of Sexual Violence Among High School Female Students in Dilla Town, Gedeo Zone Snnpr, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Background :Sexual violence is any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, unwanted sexual comments or advances, or acts to traffic, or otherwise directed, against a person’s sexuality using coercion, by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, in any setting, including but not limited to home and work. Violence against girls takes many forms including rape, sexual harassment, intimidation, teasing and threats. It affects all girls, regardless of age, race, class, caste or location. Poverty, war and long journeys to school put girls at additional risk. The causes are rooted in male-dominated cultures which belittle or condone violence against girls and women. Objective: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of sexual violence against women among high school students in Dilla town. Methodology: Institutional based Cross-sectional study was conducted. The study was conducted on high schools students in SNNP regional state, Dilla town from January to June 2015. Simple random sampling method used to select study subjects. Also total sample size of this study was 280 participants. The data was collected by using self-administered questionnaires. Finally the data was analyzed by using SPSS. RESULTS: The Findings of this study indicated that the prevalence of sexual violence was 13.2%. The minimum age of the study subject was 14 years and the maximum age was 21 years. From the respondents who encountered sexual violence majority of the respondents victimized by unknown person and much older than their age. Using chat, alcohol drinking and using drugs or substances was the main associated factors of sexual violence. Conclusion and Recommendation: The findings of this study indicate that female high school students in Dilla town are at high risk of sexual violence. Unwelcome touching of body part, facing sexual attempt, having boyfriend, and a habit of taking alcohol and chat are associated with life time experience of sexual violence. School girls must be empowered educationally about their sexual right and how to handle their problems. Sensitization of the problems by police officers, teachers and other concerned body needed. Key word: sexual violence, female high schools students, Dilla town, Ethiopia



Sexual violence, Female high schools students, Dilla town, Ethiopia