Extent of Students' Participation in Classroom Speaking Activities: Grade Ten Students in Abomsa Senior Secondary School in Focus

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Addis Ababa University


This study was mainly aimed at examining the extent of students' participation .in classroom speaking activities at grade ten level during lesson and exploring problems students face in their attempt to participate ill lesson. Abomsa senior secondary school was selected as the study setting based on the researcher intention of getting the required assistance from school since he was the member of staffl before. To gather data for the study, three types of tools namely classroom observation, questionnaire and interview were used. First, classroom observation was conducted on three sections based on their three teachers, that is, one section was selected from every of those teachers sections and the questionnaire was employed on 87 students who were selected randomly from 216 students of the three observed sections. Then interview was employed on the three available teachers of grade ten English to tliclI1gulate the findings of observations and questionnaires. The gathered data were analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative method of data analysis. The study showed that grade ten students participate to a limited extent in speaking dwing classroom interaction. It also indicateel that leamers face lack of words and expressions, over domination by peers, low opportunity of speaking culd support, difficulty of activities and inadequacy of time to do activities CIS main problems. Furthermore, in relation to students poor background knowledge, lack of self-confidence, fear of making mistakes, lack of motivation and interest and wash back effect of test were found to be causes for poor leamers' participation. In relation to teachers teacher-jronted method of teaching which involved too much teacher, talk lack of teachers guide etc might influence leamers' interaction. Other factors such as large class size, rigidity of seats in fonning different groups and moving freely in classes, lack of supplementary materials and incapability of school principal to encourage teachers were found to be causes or factors eiliter hindering directly or indirectly students' participation. Finally, based on the finding recommendations were made for the students, teachers, schools and the 'concemed bodies.



Grade Ten Students in Abomsa Senior Secondary School in Focus